|Jefferson Nickels (1938-Now)|
US Coins For
The United States five-cent coin, commonly called a nickel, since 1938 has featured a profile of President Thomas Jefferson on the obverse. From 1938 to 2003, Monticello was featured on the reverse. For 2004 and 2005, nickels featured new designs to commemorate the bicentennials of the Louisiana Purchase and the Lewis and Clark expedition; these new designs were called the Westward Journey nickel series. In 2006, Monticello returned to the reverse, while a new image of Jefferson facing forward was featured on the obverse. Jefferson nickels are one of the easiest sets of any denomination to collect from circulation.
The Jefferson nickel, designed
by Felix Schlag in a Mint-sponsored contest, was first minted
beginning in 1938. (In 1966 his initials were added to the base
of the bust.) The obverse features a profile of Thomas Jefferson,
while the reverse features his Virginian estate, Monticello.
All three mints turned out vast quantities of Jefferson nickels
until 1954, when San Francisco halted production for 14 years,
resuming only from 1968 to 1970. Since 1970, all nickels for
circulation have been minted at Philadelphia and Denver. Mint
marks may be found on the reverse, in the right field between
Monticello and the rim, on nickels from 1938 to 1964. From 1965
to 1967, no mint marks were used, and beginning in 1968, the
mint mark was moved to the obverse, just below the date, where
it remains today. In 1980, the Philadelphia mint began using
a "P" mint mark on all nickels. In 1966 the designer's
initials were added under Jefferson's bust. This design is by
far the most common currently in circulation.
Mintmarks The mintmark is located may be found on the reverse, in the right field between Monticello and the rim, on nickels from 1938 to 1964. From 1965 to 1967, no mint marks were used, and beginning in 1968, the mint mark was moved to the obverse, just below the date, where it remains today. Mintmarks include:
SPECIFICATIONS: Diameter: 21.2 millimeters Weight: 5 grams Composition: .750 copper, .250 nickel (1938-42, 1946-) .560 copper, .350 silver, .090 manganese (1942-45) Edge: Plain. During the wartime of 1942-1945 a special minting composed of a silver alloy (56% copper, 35% silver and 9% manganese) was issued in order to conserve critically short supplies of nickel essential to the war effort. (Information gathered from - Wikipedia.org, Coin Resource.org, "The Red Book - A Guide Book of United States Coins", and other sources)
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